SPMW 208


SPMW 208 & SPMW 8221

Rotary Snow Plow & Snail



Operating Weight:  263,800 lbs

Builder:  Alco-Brks


Built:  September-1927

Builder #: 

Status:  Operational




Southern Pacific Rotary MW208 -- The WPRM is one of the few museums in North America that features a working rotary snowplow.  Our ex-SP plow was built in 1927 and was the last on the railroad to be converted to diesel power.  It was leased to the Western Pacific and used at Keddie and on the High Line after the WP retired their own plows.  It was also one of the plows used to rescue the City of San Francisco in 1952.

Among the most daunting problems faced by mountain railroads is that of snow.  The Southern Pacific's line over Donner Pass in particular is famous for its wet, heavy snowfall and the havoc if can wreck on train operations.  The snow itself is so difficult to deal with that crews long ago nicknamed it "Sierra Cement".  Track covered by snowsheds, locomotive pushed plows and mechanical bulldozers are all tools in the fight to keep the rails open.  However, when Mother Nature decides to unleash her worst storms, the roadmaster calls upon the most spectacular snow equipment available: the rotary plow.

SP MW208, built as a steam powered plow in 1927, is a design based on the most common and successful style of rotary plow, the so-called Leslie Patent plows, developed by Canadian Orange Jull in 1883.  First manufactured by the Leslie Brothers Machine Company, just after the turn of the century the rights for their design were sold to the American Locomotive Company.  While other designs were also built, but those created by Leslie and ALCo were by far the most numerous and successful, even copied by other companies and continuing in use today.  In a Leslie style plow, the large cutting disk at the front of the unit is rapidly spun by a large motor in the carbody.  It "chews" its way into the snow and ice, breaking it up and blowing it out the chutes at the top of the rotary opening, ejecting it far from the tracks.  Many plows feature extendable wings that funnel more snow into the mouth and clear a wider path.  SP MW208 lacks these extended wings and was keep as a straight wing plow for tight clearances.

Beginning in the late 1950s, the Southern Pacific began converting its steam powered rotaries into electrically powered units, installing large electric motors in the carbody and providing power using an old streamlined style freight locomotive that was permanently assigned to each plow.  In this new service, these old locomotives became known as "Snails".  Unable to move itself, each plow/snail combination would be pushed by several locomotives.  SP MW208 was the last of the company's rotaries to be converted to diesel, losing its boilers in 1970.

SP MW208 (then numbered 7208) was one of the rotary snowplows involved in the rescue of the trapped City of San Francisco passenger train in January, 1952.  Part of a two plow set that worked down Donner Pass from the SP terminal at Norden, California, the 7208 was caught in a snowslide along with the second plow and the steam locomotive pushing them toward the train.  Later, a second, larger avalanche hit and this huge machine and its tender turned over, killing engineer Rolland "Rolly" Raymond who was outside near the tender.  Another SP worker, Jay Gold, died of a heart attack due to the stress of his efforts, but they were the only casualties of the incident which had over 200 people trapped on the train for three days and hundreds more working in the blizzard to free them.

For a variety of reasons, MW208 was loaned to other railroads in the late 1960s and early 70s, including 10 days in northern Arizona on the Santa Fe Railway in December 1967 and some used on the McCloud River Railway.  After it was rebuilt to diesel power, the 208 was the last rotary to work on the Western Pacific Railroad, having been leased from the SP in 1973. The last entry on the daily inspection card that was in it when we acquired it was 2/8/73, in Keddie.

Watch a video about SP 208 crated by Sacramento TV station abc10 in February 2018.

Watch a short video of SP 208 Leading a work train out of the station at the museum on September 16th, 2017.

SPMW 208 Photo SPMW 208 Photo
SP 208 Plowing the main at the Western Pacific Railroad Museum at Portola on March 5, 2008
SPMW 208 Photo

Photo Gallery:  click on an image and then "Play" to start slide show...

Links to Train Sheet articles about SPMW 208:
Train Sheet #142, Page 6:  Southern Pacific Rotary MW 208
Train Sheet #140, Page 12:  At California State RR Museum May 21, 1981
Other reference:  SP_MW208, Page 1:  SP MW208 Sign